I used to refer to the site for in-depth minor league data. However, after talking to a friend who knows a lot about PITCHf/x and stringer data (he can out himself if he likes), he told me this about the pitch location data that stringers report for the minor league games:
“It’s useless data. Not sure how much more clearly I can state that.”
Not one to blindly believe a single source – though if I were to believe someone about stringer or PITCHf/x data blindly, it’d be this guy – I decided to do a little checking myself. I figured the stringer data could be consistent within a single stadium, since the stringers should be drawn from a pool of usual employees/interns. And if this was the case, some fuzzing and statistical sampling of the data would make it usable for metrics that I wanted to track, like zone-based pitch-adjusted contact percentages that are strongly correlated with success at higher levels of the game. (Did I disclose something sabermetrically important? Ah, I think it’s well-known enough. If not, go look into it!)
Unfortunately, as I’m about to demonstrate, this good-natured belief was immediately shot down.
Stringer Data vs. Reality
Here’s a plate appearance that occurred on Sunday, July 26th, 2015 at the Akron Rubberducks’ home field, Canal Park. This matchup was between Casey Weathers and Max Moroff in the 8th inning.
The batter is left-handed.
In order, the location of the pitches are listed by the stringer as:
Outer black-middle / arm side, foul ball
Outer black-middle / arm side, foul ball (virtually same place)
Outer black-middle / arm side, foul ball (slightly lower than the previous two pitches)
Middle third-down, ball
Inner third-up / glove side, swinging strike
Pitch types aren’t recorded so we’ll ignore those, but the 4th pitch was a slider as you’ll see.
Here is the plate appearance, played back at half speed so you can see the locations a little easier. The video loops, so be sure you are watching from the beginning – you can see the progress bar at the bottom of the video if you hover over it.
First pitch: Said by stringer to be outer black-middle / arm side, foul ball.
Actual Location: Middle/up and in, glove side, foul ball. Huge miss laterally.
Second pitch: Said by stringer to be outer black-middle / arm side, foul ball.
Actual Location: Middle/up and in, glove side, foul ball. Huge miss laterally.
Third pitch: Said by stringer to be outer black-middle / arm side, foul ball.
Actual Location: Outer black-middle / arm side, foul ball. Correct.
Fourth pitch: Said by stringer to be middle third-down, ball.
Actual Location: Outer third-down, glove side, ball. Laterally wrong, but small error.
Fifth Pitch: Said by stringer to be inner third-up / glove side, swinging strike.
Actual Location: Inner third-up / glove side, swinging strike. Correct.
So… is the data good?
Sure, 3/5 of the pitches were either correct or had a small enough error, but two pitches were off by the entire width of the plate. This is impossible to correct and represents a massive error. Quality control of stringer data is obviously no good. Spot checking a few other games showed similar results, as well – this wasn’t a case of a stringer having a bad day. There is just no care for the accuracy of the data in the PITCHf/x gameday files.
While it’s sad that Minor League Central is down, this type of analysis throws the entire zone% based data into doubt as to whether or not it was any good in the first place.
Contact rates could still be good (and probably are) but zone-based data yields some of the most relevant information for pitchers and their stuff. But that’s analysis someone on THT or Fangraphs can pick up if they’re so inclined! Chris Mitchell wrote about this on Fangraphs this year, and while he couldn’t find much there – probably because the data is so terrible – it’s probably worth looking into if you want to manually code/string the data yourself, or pay someone to do it. But that’s another post on sabermetrics and outsourcing data collection using Amazon Mechanical Turk or other cheap sources of labor, now isn’t it? (Hopefully that’s enough information to get the real junkies interested in investigating!)
In 2013, I wrote an article titled The Tech Behind The Dynamic Pitcher, which detailed the technology that I used to write my first baseball training book, market it, and sell it online. In December 2014, I released Hacking the Kinetic Chain, a much more in-depth resource on training baseball pitchers for both velocity and durability. I thought it might be fun to discuss what changed from The Dynamic Pitcher (TDP) to Hacking the Kinetic Chain (HTKC) and what I was able to re-use!
Stuff that Remained the Same
Long-Form Sales Copy
We switched to OptimizePress 2.0 and used that instead of 1.0, which made page build-out and A/B testing significantly easier.
However, the other concepts were basically the same.
Purchasing the Product + Membership Site
We were able to re-use most of the same code from TDP sales in the Driveline Baseball Online Shop, which automatically generated usernames and roles for people who bought HTKC from the site. While OptimizePress 2.0’s APIs were a bit different, it wasn’t too hard to adapt the existing code – knocked it out in an afternoon.
We used OptimizePress 2.0 for the membership site as well. It required only minor tweaks and was much more extensible, so that was a nice addition.
Writing the Book
I again used Microsoft Word for layout, rough draft, and final copy.
Hosting the Content
I hosted the content largely on Amazon S3 for speed and reliability purposes. While it cost us significantly more than just getting Digital Ocean VPSes and sticking the files on there, we wanted to have the highest possible quality without spending a ton of time in configuration, and S3 is the perfect application for this.
Things that Changed
Publishing the Book
HTKC is both a PDF and a physical book that is spiral-bound, so we needed a publisher. We briefly considered selling the book on Amazon CreateSpace or another similar platform, but when we saw the costs and the restrictions, we went with an online printer. After comparing rates and reputations, we settled on 48hrbooks.com, which has done outstanding work for us. Printing and shipping times are quick enough, but customer support and previous history of work is what sealed the deal for us. Highly recommend these guys.
Shooting Training Videos + Commercial
TDP did not have a video commercial / spot to promote it, but HTKC does. We knew we wanted to do the videos in a much higher quality given the price of HTKC, so we also committed to shooting a commercial with professional editing, shooting, and equipment costs all being absorbed by the company.
We hired Riley Morton and went to work. Here are some of the pictures of the “studio” (our downstairs shared-use spot) that we blocked off for shooting:
This was exhausting, but ultimately a lot of fun. The final commercial can be found on the HTKC main page, or below embedded in a Vimeo player:
Can’t say enough about Riley’s work here. He did an amazing job for us and it certainly led to higher conversions, sales, and overall satisfaction with the final product.
Promotion / Mailing List
We gave away three copies of the book, a Marc Pro unit, and a bunch of our own PlyoCare and Elite Weighted Balls leading up to the launch, which definitely got the word out, added a bunch of emails to our membership list, and gained us Twitter followers. We also dripped the content over a few weeks leading up to the final release date, which helped build momentum.
For TDP, I just pushed a button and said “go.” Not the best way to do it! I also wrote follow-up emails at the end of the sales period ($100 off for a short time) with more personal notes on how I created it and the backstory of the book (which had been in production for six years, seriously), and that not only boosted sales but helped me connect with clients on a more meaningful level. Readers want to hear that you actually care about the content and your relationship with the clients, not just receive constant sales letters that are thinly-veiled promotional emails to line the business’ pockets with funds.
What I Learned, Part Two
Writing a book is a TON of work – especially when you increase the size (260+ pages) and scope (videos, online training programs, promotions…) of the project. I couldn’t have done it without the help of my newly-hired CEO, Mike Rathwell, and for our next project, we’ll be leaning heavily on our new employees that we’ve hired. Surrounding yourself with the best help you can afford and find is by far one of my strongest recommendations when your business begins to grow.
Seven years ago, Kyle Boddy was Driveline Baseball. Today, this isn’t remotely true – Mike Rathwell is our CEO, Matt Daniels is our Lead Trainer (and will soon be running gym operations), and both Cody Aden and newly-hired Taiki Green train athletes in the gym and through our remote training program. When I first brought Mike on, he cautioned me that removing myself from the daily operations of the business might be difficult; Driveline Baseball wasn’t designed to be a long-standing business necessarily – it just came into existence because I loved working with baseball athletes and loved to apply sports science to get the best results for my clients. I didn’t have a roadmap or an exit plan, and as such, I didn’t have a good idea what it would look like when I became overwhelmed with my workload.
A few years ago, I could manage social media, write blog posts, respond to emails, train athletes, keep the books, and so forth – all while working a full-time job and being a father. Today, that’d be impossible, which is the whole reason I hired out and sold a percentage of the company to Mike, who manages most of the executive functions of the business.
Fortunately for me, divesting myself from responsibilities didn’t end up being that hard. I slowly began to realize my value was truly as Driveline Baseball’s President, the guy who actually designs organizational philosophies and heads up client relationships. By splitting the roles of executive functions (Mike) and nuts-and-bolts functions (Kyle), we both became much more productive. We sat down and hashed it out over a few hours, picking areas of the business and discussing the following options:
Mike has unilateral control
Kyle has unilateral control
Joint discussions are necessary
You’d be surprised how many areas fell into the first two. I was more than happy to give up things like “estimating tax burdens” while Mike was happy to give up “setting up virtual private servers for our web properties.” We collaborate all the time, but for there to be efficiency, we must trust each other on a large percentage – a majority, I believe – of fields where neither one of us needs to be informed prior to making a decision. Most medium-to-large decisions are made jointly in our weekly meetings and discussions over Slack, but we want to empower each other – and our employees – to make impactful decisions, realizing that mistakes will be made and that the gains in overall net efficiency (and workplace morale) far outpace financial errors.
What is it… you do here?
Today, my main focuses are:
Keep our professional clients happy and to “recruit” new ones through good content and social media management
Keep lines of communication up between our college partners (Vanderbilt, Oregon State, Arkansas State, Coastal Carolina, etc)
Communicate with MLB organizations and explore current and future partnerships with them (three such partnerships have occurred in the last 2 years)
Drive the Research and Development wing forward on sports science, training, and pitching
Be visible enough in the gym as a figurehead, mostly on busy days like Sundays and Tuesdays
Write high-value content that will either be free (blog, newsletter) or paid (Hacking the Kinetic Chain, remote training documents)
Software development and server/network administration
If that seems like a lot, it’s because it mostly is. And while I miss being in the trenches 30 hours a week, I know I’ve hired some of the best help on the planet to pitch in there. None of this focus is possible without hiring excellent employees to take the load off my back, and by giving them flexible schedules, good pay, and autonomous decision-making responsibilities (within the Driveline framework of ethics and philosophies), we hope they’re just as happy working for us as we are having them on staff.
There have been more than a few posts on how to break into the game we all love, but not many on the player development side of baseball; most focus on the scouting and/or operations departments. I’ll talk a little bit about how I got my start in the game.
For those who do not know me – and I can hardly blame you – my name is Kyle Boddy. I’m 31 years old and the President and Founder of Driveline Baseball, which is my company based out of Seattle, WA that not only provides consulting services to 3 MLB teams and 25+ colleges (including 2014 CWS Champions Vanderbilt and Pac-12 champions Oregon State) but also trains 25+ professional baseball players and another 100 or so amateur players across various levels of the game – youth, high school, and college. I also designed and led the initiative to develop different types of weighted balls for training purposes (Driveline PlyoCare and Elite Weighted Baseballs). I have two rotating employees, one of whom is playing professional baseball for the White Sox, and another who just finished college. I run the business with my partner Mike Rathwell, who bought a percentage of the business and became the CEO of the company in 2014; he now runs the business operations side of Driveline Baseball while I head up research and development.
I’ve been flown to Spring Training camps in both the Grapefruit League and the Cactus League to interview for jobs and pitch my services; in fact, I just got back from a team-paid first class roundtrip flight from an unnamed complex. I’ve given seminars across the country, Canada, and Europe, and will likely do 15 or more visits in 2015 as we begin our push to become a more global company. I’ve secured meetings with some of the most important agents in the game to discuss training their pitchers. An assistant general manager of a forward-thinking team told a national reporter that I am the most advanced pitching coach or trainer in the nation due to my strong analytical background, not common in the coaching ranks. I’ve turned down two full-time offers to work in MLB organizations and one offer to become a competitive national team’s pitching coach.
I have a lot of plans to expand and become even more relevant in the game of professional baseball, but it all had to start somewhere. Most other posts on the subject will talk about the years of self-sacrifice and the long hours it will take, as if that’s some sort of deterrant. If you’re reading this, then you already know that you will have to work 60-80 hour weeks and get paid worse than minimum wage to get your start – and you’re willing to do that. What you probably don’t understand is the amount of self-doubt and emotional turmoil you – and your family – will have to endure as you try to make it. Entrepreneurship is almost always viewed with rose-colored glasses and spoken about like the road was well-worn and totally worth it.
I can’t say I always agree.
Let’s begin with the first thing, shall we?
You are underqualified.
If you happen to want to work in baseball operations – which most younger Internet baseball nerds tend to – then my god, you are so far behind you have no idea. To put it into context, I am merely a guy who primarily works on the player development side along a bunch of coaches who either didn’t go to college or saw it as a three-year fun ride to continue playing baseball before entering the pro ranks. There’s a few guys who are incredibly intelligent and educated, but most were former players who prioritized playing the game – not that there’s anything wrong with that.
I am a former Microsoft employee. I studied Economics and Computer Science before dropping out to work for an online poker company, then founded my own international boutique asset management company with three other partners. My last job in software development before I worked in baseball full-time was a Data Scientist. I have strong command of probability theory, statistics, programming, mathematics, game theory, database analysis, machine learning, and technical documentation.
I’ve written for years at the fringes of sabermetrics for The Hardball Times and my own blogs, discussing the marriage of player development and how wins are generated.
I am vastly, vastly underqualified to take ANY job in baseball operations.
The people in operations that make actual decisions – not interns that get chewed through on a regular basis – are so incredibly educated and knowledgeable (and usually intelligent) that it makes my background look like a joke. They usually have a much stronger grasp of statistics – generally at a Ph.D. level – than I do, whether it’s formal or not. In most cases, the people in operations are so much stronger intuitively about baseball than I am that the rest doesn’t matter. What they think of off-hand about the game dwarfs what could take me an obsessed 20 hours to just roll around in my head.
With all that being said, here’s what is hot now and what you absolutely need to know if you want to get your start in operations and stick around – all of these are at master-level ability, by the way:
Stats packages (R being the most popular)
Database analysis (MS SQL server for whatever reason is the most popular here)
Data mining / scraping
Trackman analysis (optional, but you should have a good grasp of the operating physics and understand applied physics / laws of motion)
General software development (preferably Python, also can be optional but you better have a very good grasp of programming in general)
It goes without saying you should be able to calculate all of the major metrics (wOBA, WAR, wRC+, etc) and understand their limitations. You also need to have a strong intuitive sense for how things get put together. After six years of working in software development I can tell you that the vast majority of programmers have little – if any – creative ability, since they think it’s unnecessary. The truth is that the best developers are on par with the best artists and liberal arts majors when it comes to intuitive sense and creative thinking; writing code to solve unique problems is not any different than penning a new novel.
But I want to work in scouting or player development!
First of all, almost no one in the scouting or player development departments have respect for those who come from outside of the game. If you didn’t play professional baseball at a reasonable level, you will ALWAYS be looked down upon. (This still holds true for me, and always will.)
Secondly, they have a point. So you’ve written 50 or 60 articles on scouting players and given your opinion on amateurs and pro players. So what? So has basically everyone on the Internet and everyone inside of baseball organizations. Your opinions are probably not anything new, and even if you were lucky enough to get sponsored to get into MLB scout school, everyone there already has that base level of knowledge.
Consider that it’s nearly impossible to get an area scouting job that pays something, and that these jobs pay well under minimum wage if you factor in all of the travel and work you have to put into it. The same goes for coaching at affiliate levels – and you can forget about coaching unless you’ve played minor league ball, it basically never happens.
What are your unique insights going to be? You might think it’s novel to point at someone’s swing or throwing mechanics and say “This looks bad,” but it isn’t. Scouts have seen enough baseball that they have built a neural network – flawed as it may be – that does that job just fine. The era of trying to break into the higher levels of the game by visual analysis is fast coming to a close. What teams need – even if they don’t yet understand it – is how to apply unique knowledge to actually improve their athletes. Sure, a random guy in AA has a swing that won’t translate – this isn’t a hard thing to figure out once you’ve watched enough baseball and coached enough athletes. But can you teach him how to develop a better swing beyond saying “This particular flaw will lead to you bottoming out in three years?” That cue is not helpful. What training methods and instruction can you give the athlete to become a major league average player? If you can do THAT, you are very useful.
However, here’s the rub – NO ONE THINKS YOU CAN DO THAT. Literally. Almost everyone inside professional baseball believes that talent is innate and ability cannot be changed, even though it’s obvious this is false. They believe it because they have likely seen thousands of prospects flame out when all they had to do was make a small change to their swing. So there’s that wall you must climb.
How did you do it?
I got my start by coaching 13 and 14 year olds in Little League baseball in Northeast Seattle. I have Ray Moser to thank for that. It was amazing to me that even at that age, generic scouting lingo still persisted through parents. They grew up watching these kids play baseball and applied their heuristic of how good they were at age 10 to how good they should be at age 14, even if it was totally incorrect. After that, I coached at Roosevelt High School, one year as an assistant freshman coach and one year as the head freshman coach. Both years our team outperformed the JV and Varsity teams despite having players poached from it, yet I was fired after the 2nd year since I wasn’t buddies with the head coach (who would be fired the next year anyway). I got sick of coaching teams and decided to coach individual athletes out of my townhome garage in North Seattle, which was 300 square feet at best.
Throughout all of this, I voraciously read every single research paper on biomechanics, training, and kinesiology. I bought 15 textbooks on anatomy and sports science and annotated them all. I set up interviews with medical directors, emailed tons of people, even flew out to meet baseball writers to learn from them. I gave lessons and trained pitchers, then bought the first consumer-grade high speed cameras available at a sub-$1000 price point, the Casio Exilim EX-FH20. I emailed back and forth with the people at ASMI, and when they expressed their surprise that I’d want to build my own biomechanics lab, I reverse engineered the solution by reading the groundbreaking papers of Dr. Jesus Dapena and Michael Feltner, as well as Dr. Fleisig’s own dissertation.
(I told a variant of this story at the 2014 ABCA convention, and a coach said: “You’re really fucking smart, aren’t you?” I said: “More like stubborn. With Google and a relentless mind, all things are possible.”)
Building a biomechanics lab seems impossible, and make no mistake, it’s not easy. But it’s just math. Once you see the matrix logic that goes into DLT, you probably can’t figure it out. But if you just Google it and buy the relevant textbooks, constantly grinding down level after level until you reach a place of familiarity, then you can build up from there. For me, my knowledge stalled out at Discrete Math I and Calculus II. I started from there and built my way up, teaching myself post-graduate mathematics and physics to get the job done, eventually building the control object in the aisles of Home Depot.
I opened up shop in a dilapidated warehouse in North Seattle and built a weight training area out of plywood, hinges, and chicken wire. We trained athletes there that would go on to play college baseball, win track and field meets, and break through velocity barriers I never thought possible. Of course, I was running the business at a loss the entire time while working full-time as a software developer or data scientist. I’d train athletes for 15-20 hours per week, work 50 hours per week, commute 10 hours per week, and study baseball another 20-30 hours per week – all while having a new family, as my wife and I would have our first son around this time.
Here’s what they don’t tell you – you start to lose contact with your friends. If you do this for any length of time and can outlast the initial spark that every writer gets, then you settle into the slow burn and realization that if you want to do this for the next 25 years, you’re going to have to work harder at this than you ever worked at anything in your life. Which means that your friends who don’t share this kind of passion go by the wayside, because you start to become unable to identify with them. Your daily job becomes even more of a grind, since you know you don’t want to be there, but you have to provide for yourself – and in some cases, a family. Baseball isn’t paying the bills, and life comes before your hobby. If you have a loving and understanding partner in a relationship, they’ll support you, but it will still place unbelievable strain and stress on the structures of the relationship. Ever wonder why so many players, coaches, and scouts are either single or divorced?
If you weren’t lucky enough to be born into the baseball track by being a gifted athlete or the son of a high-ranking scout, you will fight tooth and nail to gain every edge possible, and this will warp your very soul. It’s not that you don’t have free time, it’s that you start to wonder why you would ever spend this free time on anything but bettering yourself and advancing your career. Priorities begin to violently shift.
This is no different than successful entrepreneurs, of course. However, most people who want to break into baseball don’t have a good grasp of what it’s like to be an entrepreneur. It is impossible to understand sacrifice until you are extremely deep into the subject material; I always use this quote from David Foster Wallace on Michael Joyce about his tennis career:
Whether or not he ends up in the top ten and a name anybody will know, Michael Joyce will remain a paradox. The restrictions on his life have been, in my opinion, grotesque; and in certain ways Joyce himself is a grotesque. But the radical compression of his attention and sense of himself have allowed him to become a transcendent practitioner of an art — something few of us get to be. They’ve allowed him to visit and test parts of his psychic reserves most of us do not even know for sure we have (courage, playing with violent nausea, not choking, et cetera).
Joyce is, in other words, a complete man, though in a grotesquely limited way. But he wants more. He wants to be the best, to have his name known, to hold professional trophies over his head as he patiently turns in all four directions for the media. He wants this and will pay to have it — to pursue it, let it define him — and will pay up with the regretless cheer of a man for whom issues of choice became irrelevant a long time ago. Already, for Joyce, at twenty-two, it’s too late for anything else; he’s invested too much, is in too deep. I think he’s both lucky and unlucky. He will say he is happy and mean it. Wish him well.
It is probably worth noting that this is not the only way to focus on a career in baseball. There are a lot of people who put in a decent amount of work and get noticed through writing for years at little/no pay on Fangraphs or their SB Nation blog, eventually scoring a low-paying and low-ranking job in baseball. They work there for years, content with the job at hand.
But for those who want to work in decision-making roles, positions where you have serious impact, it takes a different gear. And it’d be criminal to write this post and tell you that it was just a simple shift in attitude.
After partnering with a local select team to expand my business, I eventually got my first flight to Spring Training to interview with a professional team in 2012 after completing a project at no pay to prove that I could perform basic scouting analysis of pitchers. It would take months to get an official offer from them; in the meantime, I presented at a conference in Houston, which drew enough attention due to our very thorough and scientific process on training that it scored me a few professional pitchers as clients, including Trevor Bauer. Word got around that I knew how to train pitchers better than most people, and clientele expanded. Colleges began to bite, and organic growth compounded our free blog articles on baseball training. Through this, I spent no money and little attention on marketing, since baseball coaches do not generally respond well to this – at least not the ones that will give you long-lasting opportunities. They want referrals from people that they trust, and this takes time. To the outside observer, I went from a nobody to a company that trains some of the best college programs in the world and multiple MLB pitchers in a year.
But in reality, the foundation for success was built through years and years of sacrifice, self-doubt, and constant sleepless nights with my resume in front of me, ready to submit it to various job portals and take a full-time job making 5 times what I was making while working half as many hours.
It’s not the lack of money, the reduction in your friend pool, or the increased stress that will cause you to crack. It is the creeping self-doubt and fear that you are wasting your time and life at a goal that is stupid – after all, it’s a dumb baseball game, does it really deserve this much attention?
Today I’m stable, though still making half as much as I was three years ago as a full-time data scientist. My salary isn’t likely to catch up for another 18-24 months, if I’m lucky. But I do love going to work and my ability to grind on a project for hours, days, weeks, and months on end remains my biggest competitive advantage. Those who know me will often ask: “Was it all worth it,” casually assuming the answer is “Yes, obviously.”
I still tell them that I don’t know. What I went through for years is what most will go through as they slog their way through 60 hour workweeks being paid absolutely nothing – usually incurring costs – to break into the game they love.
All I know is that this is the only way I’d approach it; either this way or simply quit. There’s no middle ground. And in working with more and more professional athletes, I can see that they have the same spirit inside them – it is no longer “an issue of choice” as DFW pointed out above.
We pay with the regretless cheer of a man for whom issues of choice became irrelevant a long time ago.
If you can’t explain something to a first year student, then you haven’t really understood it.
I certainly agree with Richard, but I fear that a common theme amongst people is one of over-simplicity. I see it all the time in business (don’t get me started on Lean Theory zealots), education, and my industry of choice, sports. In my latest article about injuries to pitchers’ arms, I sourced a lot of research both externally and internally to discuss how elbow and shoulder surgeries are not a simple process. It is not simply checkpoint-based mechanics, or the “fact” that kids back in the day threw watermelons in the fields which would strengthen their arms (actually said by a General Manager of an MLB team) – to say such things is to remain willfully ignorant about an extremely complex system.
We have the sum total of humanity’s knowledge at our fingertips through Google Search, which in theory should raise the level of discourse. There is no better way to become “intelligent” than by simply putting every single thought you have into Google Search and reading for hours to gain a deeper understanding – and often refutation – of the beliefs you once held. It is the modern day Library of Alexandria.
Yet this is too difficult for most, and rightfully so. It is a pain in the ass to constantly question your beliefs, thoughts, and things you were very sure were real in this world. But accumulation of knowledge and skill is asymptotic, unfortunately – the more we learn and the more we do, the greater the existing base of knowledge grows and the tougher it becomes to create something in this world. This is, without a doubt, quite frustrating.
However the journey is what really matters; as I am fond of saying, the pleasure is in the hard work. The late nights at 2 AM staring at results from the biomechanics lab are some of the most intellectually and spiritually enriching experiences I have, because it is through that slavish devotion to a niche practice (baseball pitching) that my clients get results that no other trainer could possibly give them. Celebrating the end result comes naturally and I do enjoy it, but losing sight of the journey is the quickest way to grow complacent – and will get you passed very quickly in this world.